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Tuesday, September 18, 2007

Who invented Ice-Cream?

Fruit Juices kept cold by being packed around with show were known to the Pharaohs of ancient Egypt - but these were ‘water-ices’ rather than proper ice-cream.
Something like ice-cream is known to have been served to King James II of England in 1686 at the price of $ 1 per portion, while in 1660 his elder brother, Charles II, is known to have eaten ice-cream in Paris while he was in exile.

It is also known that George Washington, the President of the USA, was keen on ice-cream in 1790.

Probably the ice-cream of that time was based on the discovery of Blasius Villefranca, living in Rome, who in 1550 found that freezing-point could be reached if saltpetre or salt were added to snow, and so managed to produce a creamy, frozen mixture.

Then in 1851, Jacob Fussell, a milk supplier of Baltimore, USA, found that cream was going to waste at certain times of the year.
He set himself up as a supplier of ice-cream to other milkmen, so establishing the world’s first ice-cream factory.
Such a factory was set up in London in 1870 for the benefit of a large number of Italian immigrants who had arrived about that time, who through selling ice-cream became known as ‘hokey-pokey’ men, so called because they used to shout in Italian “ecco un Poco’. which means “Here”s a bit.
The ice-cream corner was invented by accident in 1904, when in Louisiana, USA, the girl-friend of an ice-cream salesman rolled a wafer biscuit around her ice-cream to stop it dripping on to her clothes - so the story goes.
On the other hand, it is more likely that it was invented by an Italian immigrant to the USA, Italo Marcioni, in 1903.

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